Exercise : 37 page : 138
1. The last record which was produced by this company became a gold record.
2. Checking accounts which require a minimum balance are very common now.
3. The professor whom you spoke yesterday is not here today.
4. John whose the highest grades in the school has received a scholarship.
5. Felipe bought a camera which has three lenses.
6. Frank is the man whom we are going to nominate for the office treasurer.
7. The doctor is with a patient whose leg was broken in an accident.
8. Jane is the woman who is going to China next year.
9. Jane wants a typewriter
10. This book which I found last week contains some useful information.
11. Mr. Bryant whose team has lost the game looks very sad.
12. James wrote an article which indicated he disliked president.
13. The director of the program who graduated from Harvard University is planning to retire next year.
14. This is the book which I have been looking for all year.
15. William whose brother is a lawyer wants to become a judge.
Exerciese 38 page : 139
1. George is the man chosen to represent the committee at the convention.
2. All of the money accepted has already been released.
3. The papers on the table belong is Patricia.
4. The man brought to the police station confessed to the crime.
5. The girl drinking coffee is Mary Allen.
6. John’s wife, a professor, has written several papers on this subject.
7. The man talking to the policeman is my uncle.
8. The book on the top shelf is the one I need.
9. The number of students counted is quite high.
10. Leo Evans, a doctor, eats in this restaurant every day.
Defining relative clauses:
1: The relative pronoun is the subject:
First, let's consider when the relative pronoun is the subject of a defining relative clause.
We can use 'who', 'which' or 'that'. We use 'who' for people and 'which' for things. We can use 'that' for people or things.
The relative clause can come after the subject or the object of the sentence. We can't drop the relative pronoun.
For example (clause after the object of the sentence):
· I'm looking for a secretary who / that can use a computer well.
· She has a son who / that is a doctor.
· We bought a house which / that is 200 years old.
· I sent a letter which / that arrived three weeks later.
More examples (clause after the subject of the sentence):
· The people who / that live on the island are very friendly.
· The man who / that phoned is my brother.
· The camera which / that costs £100 is over there.
· The house which / that belongs to Julie is in London.
2: The relative pronoun is the object:
Next, let's talk about when the relative pronoun is the object of the clause. In this case we can drop the relative pronoun if we want to. Again, the clause can come after the subject or the object of the sentence. Here are some examples:
(Clause after the object)
· She loves the chocolate (which / that) I bought.
· We went to the village (which / that) Lucy recommended.
· John met a woman (who / that) I had been to school with.
· The police arrested a man (who / that) Jill worked with.
(Clause after the subject)
· The bike (which / that) I loved was stolen.
· The university (which / that) she likes is famous.
· The woman (who / that) my brother loves is from Mexico.
· The doctor (who / that) my grandmother liked lives in New York